The information contained within this website is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT replace, nor intend to replace, licensed professional veterinary care. This information is subject to interpretation. An evaluation of a pet’s medical condition should be performed by a trained professional before any medical decisions are implemented. The authors, publisher, and sponsors shall not be liable to any person whatsoever for any damages, or equivalencies, or by reason of any misstatement or error, negligent or otherwise obtained in this work. Any decisions you may wish to make concerning the health or well-being of your pet should be addressed to a licensed veterinarian before proceeding. If there is a potentially life-threatening emergency involving your pet, DO NOT try to diagnose or treat the problem using information on this website, but instead take the pet immediately to a trained veterinarian or animal emergency treatment facility.